An interesting exhibit; The 2014 Whitney Huston Biennial: I’m every Woman.
Early this year there was an exhibition in Dumbo, but contrary to what the title of the exhibition may suggest it was not a tribute, or singer of the late singer. Instead it was chosen works from 75 different female artists across all range of ages, backgrounds, cultures and artistic disciplines.
With many positive responses towards sparking interest in female artists as well as for the female artists themselves to gain representation in their disciplines on a market which is not yet equal.
The contributory artists are all of strong individualistic nature, and have their own style and expression which was show cased. The exhibition was only open for one night, and in a more symbolic way this is representative of women uniting, even for one night and much like those who followed Whitney Huston’s life and career knows, the exhibition was called an innovative endeavour which we hope will live on, just as Whitney Huston’s incredible spirit and voice has done.
Here at feminists for choice we would like to give a little bit of information and hopefully education to what feminism includes. But to begin with we think it would be a good idea to make sure that we have the general definition of the word as clear as we can. Feminist theory is simply striving for equality between men and women. There are today various activist groups under the banner of feminism, and some of the many different ways to battle for women’s rights are not agreeing on many points.
The general concept of feminism and the generally accepted idea is that feminists work for increasing equality, and where possible make efforts and place energy in being able to push for change where needed. For many feminism is also closely linked to theories on freedom. That is freedom of choice, for each individual, regardless of gender to be able to strive to better their best traits as they like the rest of the people have their right to take opportunity.
Inside of our society pretty much all feminists fight to ensure that the norm of minimum wage, educational accessibility, job opportunities etc. In our current day life, and our modern day society there is ample need for the advocates of women’s rights to be given a bit of time.
The last things which we here at feminists for choice thinks it’s safe to say is part of every feminists guide book. Namely the cause of ending sexual violence and promoting sexual freedom. Where a woman has the right to decide what happens to her body.
For us here at feminists for choice, what we here see as the most fundamental of all principles which unite feminists and humanists all over the world. Of course we speak of the principle of equality. For us here at feminists for choice this is not only between the sexes but for everyone. And wanting to take it one step further it even becomes about being seen without judgment or predetermined fabricated negatives.
As mentioned there are countless of sub genres to feminism, and they are not always in agreement with each other. More commonly these days is a liberal type of feminism working with an open and changeable way of thought. Keeping the before mentioned points at the base. Opposite this liberal way of being a feminist there is a more socialist type of feminist thinking, which deals more strictly with issues involving work, economies, opportunity and much more.
Of course in each individual’s own practice of feminism should it be an active and activist type of practice, or should it be of a less radical type, is personal. And for us here at feminists for choice the thing that matters to us, is that the matter of equality is something that we actively fight for as the right to opportunity does not come free, and keeping our own selves going in a good direction forward is more important than being passive and idle in the matters at hand.
Points to keep in mind, a feminist way of thinking
There are a couple of things, arguments, opinions, simply put, points. That need to be kept in mind in your day to day life. Firstly there is no doubt about some sort of gender system existing. There is not only the pure biological facts, but in the society we are divided into a masculine and a feminine group. This is a behavioral and social part which can be damaging. There is also no doubt that in the past women have suffered great injustice and inequality, and we have to ask ourselves where we are on this road today. Another point which is to keep on that noodle is that sexism does also exist. There are many who hold judgmental and discriminatory views, as well as implicate these views today. Lastly it’s also important to remember that there is a big gender difference when it comes to our sexuality and the relations we have with each other. This is also a fact, and something that will effect how we define equality between the two sexes.
A new year, a new start for Feminists for Choice
The team here would like to give thanks to all the readers who are visiting us, and of course we would also like to give thanks for all the wonderful activism out there. You as well as we know that there is a continuous need to show, though action, being and activism that the world is not yet how we envision in ideals. Of course it may never be, however the change we are implementing now will come to help women, minorities and other groups of society which are subject to discrimination and unfair treatment. So we welcome the new year, and hope that you, like us have found new inspiration and power to keep up the great work which has been done, and is yet to be done.
Of course with being an activist team dedicated to the finding equal standpoints through understanding, practice and removal of social conditioning, we are not a team to dwell long in nostalgia. However, we can proudly look back on the year which has passed so fast we bairly noticed it, and congratulate and applaud the great efforts we’ve bared witness to by young and old, male and female feminists around the globe. Here we hope to be able to carry on bringing you news, updates and inspiration on the subjects are current, relevant and of the highest importance to us, and hopefully to you as well. A definite for the team here as far as new year’s resolutions go, is to ensure that we keep up our own good work, as well as encourage and spread the good news of the good work of others.
Feminism and Psychology – A Journal
Here at feminists for choice we would like to recommend a journal called Feminism and Psychology, it’s an acclaimed international peer reviewed journal that provides a forum where you can take part of their discussions, and read what those in the profession has to say. It’s very interesting, and something that we highly recommend you have a look at should these subjects interest you.
Of course the main points that are discussed here is the interface between psychology and feminism. The aim for the journal itself is to help develop theories which are applicable to practice and inclusive of psychology, or as they state, even beyond. In the journal you can find many high quality originally performed surveys and experiments as well as critiques and theoretical articles. We also welcome this month’s sponsor Sarah White at Locksmiths Leicester LE5 5HL Tel: 0116 3677003 who has help fund this academic project. Sarah is a regular contributor and uses her business as a tool to assist with her political funding aims.
Action for change
In any situation there is a tendency to stay passive, and in many cases it’s a dangerous thing. Simply as in the boiling frog scenario, we can in some circumstances end up in boiling water without realising it before it is too late. Of course with something like in the fight for equal rights it’s never that simple. Even if it from some points it can clearly be argued that it is. An active awareness and action for change is always needed, and sitting in the water as the temperature slowly rises is not something that we would willingly do knowing the cost. For us here at feminists for choice the answer lies in spreading awareness. This is of course also the reason to why we do what we can to spread the word of things which are in need of space in the mind of people.
Feminist issues today are not simply a matter of equal wages for the same job, even if that is also still on the agenda, but there is a battle to ensure that equality, within the context is reached. In the ideal we should of course gain the awareness, and make the change instantaneously, however when complexity is present, we cannot know what is right. which is why we instead need to do what is needed to remover what is wrong.
Joining the fight for equality is something that stretches all the way into every day activities, the action we perform and of course what we pass on to our children, being aware is an ongoing and continuing responsibility which is not in the hands of only women, but of everyone. So do what you can and remain active in both awareness and actions, in all you do.
Reasons to become a feminist
If you are not already a feminist there are only reasons for you to become one. You may realise and see many things just slightly differently in the world. We wanted to give some quite obvious examples here, for example how many of children’s shows and toys are made strikingly stereotypical. This one is a difficult one to get over, as it’s so widely spread and so current. Secondly you may also realise that the mainstream media today, the most popular films, tv shows, music and celebrities all portray women, not as independent personalities, but in some strange way in which the female is reliant, needing and in awe of the male counterpart.
Lastly, you may also realise that you can be a feminist no matter what your way of life is. A feminist house wife and mother of 3 is as valid as a lesbian woman activist fighting for gay and women’s rights. Feminism has not moved enough in the last decade, due to the fact that it’s been forgotten about somehow, in the midst of every things else. But equality between the sexes is just as important as it is to eradicate racism.
About Young and Strong Feminism
There seems to be a misconception going around in the society of the UK, where a lack of political and social interest is seen, pointed out and discussed ever so often. However, did we ever stop to think about if this is true or not. There is nothing to suggest that all the teenagers of today want to do is play to the system which is already in existence. If anything, is it not the opposite, the young minds of today grow up in a system which we are blind to, and this is included in our inability to see our own faults. The teenagers know, and are subject to, today much more than we can imagine, and their minds have processed more in their early years then human minds ever needed to in the area of information.
In the past few years there has been a lot of activity in schools across the UK, where groups, societies and campaigns are being set up to support feministic values and fight for equal rights on all corners, and in honesty. This is much more than we can say is happening in our communities, and the doings of the younger generation in this area far exceeds the doing of the ones who now are of voting age.
In schools education ensuring equality in the areas of gender, race, class, ability and any other form of discrimination which may be perceived are being dealt with, by the students. The changes which can be seen are imposed by young eyes, who see, in many ways much better than old ones. Of course there is a need for good role models, free thinkers, and good mentors who can show the young where to look, and guide them into realising their own ideals. However, they also have found much of this in the groups which have evolved, and have much support as well as discussion among each other. Which again, is more than what we can say is the case for many of us adults.
Feminists paining women as victims; an untrue and uneducated view
As we have touched on before there are some modern fabs on the Internet which seem to be coming to some very strange and untrue conclusions. Of course here at feminists for choice we believe that everyone has the right to their own views and their right to exercise their freedom of speech. The only thing that we would have an issue with is when bias and uneducated viewers make radical claims against a movement that have been fighting for equality though history. A common of these uneducated criticisms on feminist, is stating that feminism makes women into victims.
However this is not true, as such a statement could only come from the mind of someone uneducated in the history and the principals of the movement itself. What they often face to realise as well is that the movement is continuously changing. For us here it should be the last thing you should would want to do is complain about those who fought for your rights.
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Here at feminists for choice we would like to take the opportunity to present a brilliant young woman. Namely Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, a Nigerian born writer currently seen as one of the most prominent of critically acclaimed young authors, who is successful in gaining a new generation of readers to African literature. In the current every so discussed question of the term feminism, to the question “why use the word feminism instead of human rights” she has stated simply because it is dishonest.
We see her and her view, and feminism is something which is part of human rights, but it’s too vague of a description, and stating human rights when speaking about the specific problems related to gender it would be to deny the issue. After a long history of female suffering, it’s only fair to acknowledge the issue, an issue which still exists, rather than placing it in the margins as a problem not to be resolved. So if you are a reader, we recommend Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.
Emma Watson and the HeForShe campaign
This is the biggest news currently in the media eye in the fight for feminism. In her speech which she held as a goodwill ambassador for the UN, promoting the HeForShe campaign she addressed the issues with the current misconception and wrongfully negatively loaded currently common view of feminism. She also spoke of the imbalance in the audience of those who support feminism, and that there are many male gender stereotypes which we also need to work to abolish. She was straight, and said that feminism, is a cause which is for everyone.
One of the most important things she bought up, that we see here, is simply how the fight for equal rights have stagnated, and that we’ve not moved further along since a decade back. A better way of viewing and portraying the fight for gender equality is needed from every point. Emma stated many truths in her speech and one of the most profound and valid which we see here is quoted below. We would like to offer you the opportunity to read and reflect on the worlds. Post sponsored by Bristol Locksmiths Service.
” Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong… It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum not as two opposing sets of ideals.”
Gender is a social construction?
This question is something that has been, and still is on the discussion board of many situations. Weather in the board room of a feminist movement or with a pint at the local pub, and we thought we’d say a couple of things on this subject.
We consider that the statement, as many others have surpassed its own time of relevance. It’s true that there will always be some form of culture nurturing certain things and in the race for social acceptance one must follow. However, there are also numerous things which suggests that it may not only be a cultural drive behind, but also a biological one. With the growing research done in neuroscience, psychology and micro biology there are clear imperial facts stating that there are fundamental differences in the genders. Of course this is the grounds for a much bigger discussion, but the thought of gender as a social construct must also evolve as we know more and more about ourselves.
About the rise of Black Feminism
In the early days of the feminism as a whole, it was not what it is today, and by women, in the definition by many of the feminists of the time, nonwhite women in the working class were excluded from the agenda. This was something which of course which to many seems hypocritical, and luckily this was the thought of some women of the time, both black and white. This gave rise to another feminist movement, namely black feminism. Women’s liberation needed to be focused on the liberation of all women, regardless of race or class, and in the battle to make the liberation applicable to every woman Bell Hooks made her voice heard.
In this time the national black feminism organisation and the national alliance of black feminists were also formed, and as a side note this was during the time when the Black Power Movement was also in full running. There was another movement that spurred off at this time as well, which was the Womanism movement, and writer Alice Walker was one of the leading names at the time in the intellectual bridging between white and black feminism, in her works she examined society at the time as a whole, rather than divide things into smaller issues providing a better general understanding for all.
Giving thanks to unseen feminists practitioners though the ages
For us, a thing which is of the greatest importance we can imagine, is of course the everyday practice of the activism which being a feminism is. It’s a known fact that it’s easy to speak, and difficult to do. A testament to this is of course the mountains of advice we are able to give, but not implement. The same principal runs though for those who are active feminists in their day to day lives.
Being the change which we want to see, and in the activist manner which is required for anyone living with feminist ideals, is not an easy task. Which is why we would like to write a few words to attribute thanks and appreciation to those who do. For the most part, those who live in strong feministic ways will have strong influence on their proximity, especially those who live their ideals. As children learn from what they see rather from by what they are told, we all function this way. Bringing equal rights into the next generation, getting away from a sexist, racist way of life is something which is each individual woman’s responsibility regardless of what type of equality ideals one holds.
Ensuring that we act in according to what we believe is a moral questions, and without doing so we cannot learn to live with ourselves any more than we can learn to live with our sexist or racist neighbour. Educating by action and reaction rather than preaching is the only way forward, and remaining in an open position of learning from our mistakes is the natural way to bring the better ideals forward. So thank you, to all the strong women and men out there who are doing what they can to bring a better and more equal view into the norm.
About the Women’s Liberation Movement
In the light of giving information on the Suffrage Movement, we would also like to mention the Women’s Liberation Movement which started after the second world war, where a higher and higher number of women were getting education. Many of which pursued higher education such as collage and university students as well, however after leaving their academic life they were met with much resistance and inequality towards jobs which matched their education and their intellect.
The Women’s Liberation movement, in the 1970s were much about changing the lives of women in that age, and focus was mainly on employment, education and sexuality. Worth mentioning in this is a lady called Betty Friedan, who was a prominent feminist of the time founded the National Organization for Women, NOW for short, which was became a huge umbrella type organisation taking many branches and feminist causes under its wing and played a big role in the history and development of rights for women.
Quickly about The Suffrage Movement
Although the first women’s rights, and feminist movements did not go under the name of feminism. They in today’s view can very much so be classified under it. The word feminism itself gained its current association with the feminist movement came from France where the word was initially used to describe support for women’s rights.
The Suffrage movement started at the 19th century, and is mainly interconnected with the battle to gain women’s rights to vote. This movement crossed boarders, and although in some countries under another name, in many of them there was some level of success. In the late 19th century, in countries like Sweden, Finland and in some of the western states of the U.S, limited voting rights for women were instated. It’s worth noting that the first country in which the movement took off was in Finland. Which also logically explains the progression.
But we’ve come a long way since then, and the focus is becoming more and more centered around human rights, than just feminism.
How can we reach a state of equality?
This must be the question we ask ourselves before we start shouting about everything that is wrong. The focus must be the solution, and not the problem. Of course you can only come to a solution by investigating the issues, however when it comes to equality, in the name of feminism or not, complaints without any suggestions for improvement is just something different feeding a negative cycle.
On the subject of the gender based roles the equality must be searched for in a way, where women can have opportunity to be industry professionals without having to give up their femininity. The same must be shown the other way around, and men must have the right to choose their life without the basis of a gender. Meaning that the way we view things must change. There is giving and taking in each of the discussions of this type, and everyone must have open ears, and open minds for anything to move forward.
This too might be words stating an impossible ideology, however, there is no gain in treading water at a point far from equality and opportunity for everyone.
In the question of if we still need feminism
This question is widely discussed, and there are many supporters of both sides to the coin. Some say that feminism is a dated method of chasing equality, and some see the gender based roles still implemented and use this as the argument for answering yes to the question whether feminism is still needed or not.
On this point we would like to emphasize our own view and standpoint as feminism as a point and discussion about equality, regardless of gender, race etc.
However there are many situations where a strong form of discrimination against women is in place, but the women affected are happy in their situation. The question must then become, is it not our responsibility to find that which is common to all women, and all people, and make sure that the human rights and equality is what we strive for, and not be lazy, in our lives, opinions or standpoints. This as, just to raise the question mark, plus there are more modern turn and views on feminism than there has ever been. Thanks to
The first feminists
The question of who the first feminists were is a difficult and vague one. The previously mentioned Abigail Adams was certainly one of the earlier ones, however due to the nature of the question. It’s very difficult to pin point where the first feminist movements really started. It was not really until the sixties and seventies that the word feminism became widely used. There are some who say that feminists are those who state themselves feminists and fight for women’s rights and equality, not only between the sexes, but for everyone.
Since the first feminists were unaware of the terminology which came to follow one could say that the first feminists were those women who fought for their rights first. But since the rights in question and the goals in question have always been different, any type of equality movement which included women as to have equal rights in any manner could be called a feminist. In turn it makes the question vaguer, and harder to answer. But if we go for a textbook answer, the first feminist movement became active during the sixties. Thanks to Locksmith Brighton’s Locksmiths Damien for contribution in July to this post.
Third wave feminism
We would like to tell you a little bit about the differences between many feminists today, versus those from 40 years ago during the second wave of feminism. So, we are currently in the third wave of feminism, which has changed focus slightly and left behind the days of the early feminism. Theories that deal with feminism in this third wave usually involves subjects like anti-racism, consciousness, women of colour and power. At times this type of feminism also touches on subjects like trans-nationalism, cyber-feminism, eco-feminism and individualist feminism. What may be much appealing to many in this wave of feminism as well is that often seen as a positive aspect of life, rather than something which can be oppressive. The biggest example of this may be that during the second wave there was a strong resistance towards certain images and film as degrading to women, however many feminists of this third wave have reconsidered their opposition towards it, this for some reaches as far.
Check out the latest popular very much talked about (but not very controversial) post entitled : How to tangibly work towards equality in everyday life.
About Abigail Adams
We would like to take some time to tell you about this wonderful and influential, yet commonly unknown woman. Born in 1744, we class her as someone very ahead of her time, both politically involved being the wife of the first Vice President of the United states, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the Sixth president.
Abigail Adams was a dedicated lady, a writer with a strong patriotic sense, abolitionist and one of the earliest feminists of great importance. Some of the main things keeping her in memory is the collection of letters she wrote to her husband when in Philadelphia. John frequently sought the advice of Abigail, on a range of different matters, and the letters are filled with strong intellectual and political discussions on the government, many in which where the subject of equality. She was strongly against slavery, and often in matters she voiced her views on behalf of women of the time.
So a big thank you to Abigail Adams, for seeing and fighting this battle for equality so early on, and in such an inspirational and strong way, to make head way for the next generations.
Feminism is not about women
There’s a common misconception that feminism is for the equal rights for women. And many say that this is now the case, and that feminism is dated jibber jabber and not needed anymore. However, it may be the word feminism which is loading this type of cause with a strictly gender based view. It’s not true feminism is just a word or a title given to a subject, based on how it spawned initially. Feminism today is about equality, not just for women, but for everyone. And the issues women are facing, are no different from other unequal situations of prejudice, judgment and unethical normative behaviour. So, before one discards feminism as something for the working women in the 60s, the definition of the concept must be redefined within ones view. Of course each feminist is also an individual, and have their own individual interpretation of what it means and what it is, however at the bottom line there is equality, for everyone regardless of who, what, where etc.
Feminism and Choice
We are close to the 200 year mark since the start of a rising feminist movement. Some even say around in the late 1800’s the word feminism cropped up in France and the Netherlands. Of course the aims of the movement have changed much though out history depending on when, where and what culture and what status those for it were in. But should you wish to put it all under one roof, and one concept, simply it’s just a movement for women’s rights. Although today we live in what often seems like an equal society here in the west, there are still many reasons to support the feminist movement that exist today.
Firstly we have to look at the rights and equal financial rights. Then we have to look at the opportunities available for women and men, and the bias that exists in many of our institutions and companies today. After this we need to look at the society, and the culture, the normative behaviour we grow up with, and question whether this is actually equal. Today many say that we live in a male dominated world, and they are right, often the women that we see in higher powered role are not so feminine, They act and live in a masculine way in order to get to these positions.
So when it comes to the equality between the genders, legally the rights are more and more fair. However the issues that we deal with today are many and they are of quite complex nature. Feminism is not to say that women should have the same rights as men, as long as they act as them. What we’ve seen with much of the commercial and political sectors is that the same chance to get education and build a career is presented for women, so as long as they live, act and dress like a man. And for many the feminist movement, is something that should be for everyone, this due to the fact that it’s seen as a movement for individuality and the rights to be yourself and get acceptance from the workplace, institutions or society.
Conditioning, work, culture and a Locksmith
The social conditioning and the narratives that we grow up with in popular culture includes objectified women, and idolized men. Anorexic models and a culture which places focus only on exterior image and appearance. Even today, there are hard narratives of princesses, damsels in distress, who are waiting to be saved by their price etc. This is just peaking briefly at a very western culture. If you look further you see issues like young girls being married away or sold, forced prostitution, instances where women are punished for being raped etc. So in our current time the public eye wants to portray a society where gender does not matter to your opportunities, or your life, and that everyone lives by equal rights. But it’s a fallacy, and the feminist movement is still a very relevant one, and in need of as much support as possible. Thanks to our June sponsor locksmiths Bristol. The gender gap is really apparent but one learns just to get on with life. The ability to work in intellectual spheres as well as manual labour jobs while understanding the importance of gender is crucial.
Why not check out the latest blog post on Science and Democracy.
Discrimination in freedom for Girls
When looking at the toy’s industry at the moment, it’s nothing less than a decrease. It’s all pink and purple clothed dolls in proportions which promote a very low self image in terms of exterior look. There are beauty shop toys, cleaning appliances in miniature plastic versions, vacuum cleaners, ironing boards, make up kits, kitchen appliances etc. The list is long, and the narrative presented to girls, at a young age is seemingly not that far from brain washing at times. Educationally driven toys is something created for the boys, mechanic Lego, science experimental boxes, toys which develop and require a high level of physical skills like skate boards etc. This type of social conditioning, which is happening on a wide scale must be taken seriously, taking away someone’s opportunity to be a science geek girl, or seen from the other less common occurrence of a house husband. So before going out to buy that birthday gift for your daughter, keep her own opportunity of choice in mind. It may have much stronger long term effect than you can imagine.
What is feminism
People have different understanding and different interpretations of the word feminism. Of course the meaning is individual to the person in question. It could be described as something along the lines of equality of the sexes. Not only in as having the same opportunity and level of fairness in choice, but as in being able to do so being a woman. Not being a woman, pretending to be a man. Simply put, some say that feminism is the radical notion that women are people to. It may be easier and more useful to describe what is often associated with it, but very far from it.
So, feminism is not selfish fulfillment by career women and professionals looking to gain status in a company or an industry. The main objective is equality, for everyone. It’s against the type of prejudice, judgement and discrimination which is held by being a woman. The boundaries around where feminism starts and where other equal rights subjects start is quite gray, and often issues with discrimination quite commonly also cross paths with discrimination against people based on class, race, gender, disability, age and so on. Feminism is not only for women, but for everyone as it’s parallel to equality for each individual, as an individual.
Our Social Experiment
Not it’s not easy to conduct a social experiment but that is what we have set out to do. The most important aspect will be the validity of the experiment and that is why we have enlisted the help of those people that we will believe to serve the best results. There are not many social experiments that are not contradicted for weak research methods and questionable tactics that may affect the results of that which is being studied. It is to this effect that we are ready to gauge the positive results and outweigh the those methods which seek to alter the fine distinction between quality and poor research. Not many researchers are open to this level of scrutiny and that is why when picking the ideal candidates. Many thanks also to April’s sponsor locksmith Liverpool Mickey for website funding support. Anyway, we asked the question why so many were attracted to working in the locksmiths industry. Not only a research candidate of high caliber but also a man of integrity when looking for the right type of candidate for this type of project but then also begging the question why?
The only matter in hand that has not been addressed is that of valid results that do not sway the objective criteria that have been placed on the findings. To this effect it will be necessary to employ a higher number of inverse relationships that lock in the correct level of higher class 3 results. This should be monitored at every level to ensure that what has been created is a first class delivery of higher level research. This should be apparent to all observers and any organization inspecting the risk element of this type of project. But why does it all sound so academic. Well actually it isn’t! The real answer is that it is the male dominated workplace that is the attraction in an effort to create a balance.
But what about the Greater Impact?
Low and behold for he who understands the greater impact of the workings of nature and the impact on the greater sphere is one the wiser. It is not only the intellectual points that make up our understanding when the greater picture is concerned. It is also the understanding of those aspects that affect us and our peers. It is this importance placed on our peers that gives us the freedom to express and explore the greater ideas. Thanks to May’s sponsor plumber Manchester for this month’s writing support contribution. Before her time as an intellectual contributor has provided the insight and wisdom to contribute to this type of project and enabled her to seek funding from the industry. It is hard to comment on the reality of certain situations without having a broad understanding of the wider ways in which the world operates and the way in which women attempt to create a balance in the construction workplace traditionally run by men.
For those who have not entered into this arena, it is hard to see why this wider view is desirable, but it becomes all to apparent once research has been conducted and results have been provided.